Ingleborough National Nature Reserve

Over 30 years of rewilding a National Nature Reserve in North Yorkshire 

Inglesborough NNR Colin Newlands Scar Close

At a glance


Chapel le Dale, Yorkshire


395 hectares

Start date





Upland, Mixed woodland, Wetlands (including peatlands and marsh), Grassland and meadow and Limestone pavement

Key species

Short eared owl and Red grouse

Rewilding actions

Habitat restoration, Tree Planting, Grazing exclusion/control and Natural regeneration

Engaging people

Volunteering and Recreation

Ingleborough National Nature Reserve (NNR) is part of the larger Ingleborough Site of Scientific Interest (SSSI). It is one of the famous Three Peaks of the Yorkshire Dales National Park, renowned for its spectacular scenery and special wildlife. The NNR supports rare limestone pavement, species rich meadow pastures, peatland, and ancient woodland.

The NNR is most associated with its diverse plant life, but also supports a range of birds, butterflies, moths, mammals, amphibians and reptiles. This is, in part, due to its varied geology helping to support rare plants including Yorkshire primrose and hare’s tail cottongrass.

There is a long history of people using the landscape – people have lived and farmed this area for thousands of years. The reserve supports abandoned settlements, old limekilns and drystone walls. The site is open to public access, providing recreational opportunities for visitors to connect with its unique and diverse habitats and biodiversity.


A reduction in sheep grazing was undertaken on the site to restore a varied vegetation structure. Low numbers of cattle occasionally graze limestone pavement to protect this priority habitat. Natural regeneration has been encouraged across the NNR, with supplementary native tree planting where needed. Peat bog restoration has also been undertaken on the site to retain water and maintain wet boggy habitats.

A range of herbaceous plants and shrubs have already been reintroduced into remnant ancient ash woodland to restore vegetation structure and encourage more diverse woodland to regenerate on the site. This will act as a seed source for naturally regenerating woodlands on the site.

Images: Inglesborough NNR & Colin Newlands


Inglesborough NNR Colin Newlands Colt Park Wood Extension
Inglesborough NNR Colin Newlands Scar close 2
Inglesborough NNR Colin Newlands

Future Plans

  1. 1 Continue to monitor the site in addition with the Natural England National Monitoring Network and other monitoring initiatives including BTO breeding bird transects, small mammal, invertebrate and fixed point photography

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